Food prices remain high into 2022 on shortages

Crop damage linked to climate change could lead to stockpiling or trade restrictions, experts warn.

Extreme weather events in 2021 triggered spikes in the prices of agricultural commodities, which remained elevated into 2022, as the unusual conditions that damaged crops resulted in ongoing shortages.

The price of goods including Brazilian coffee, Belgian potatoes and Canadian yellow peas — in demand as a protein substitute in plant-based foods — rose sharply last year in response to extreme temperatures and flooding.

Scientists have warned that these conditions will become more frequent and intense as climate change accelerates.

Logistical issues and changes to consumption habits resulting from the pandemic also drove up the price of staple goods such as sugar and wheat last year.

“Agriculture is one of the most exposed sectors to climate change,” at risk from both individual extreme weather events and long-term shifts in climatic patterns, said a report by Stockholm Environment Institute. The risks were “many times greater” than the opportunities for the sector, it said.

A succession of extreme weather events that occurred around the world during the middle of 2021 damaged a range of crops, which drove up prices.

Severe frosts in Brazil hit the country’s coffee belt in July, sending prices to near seven-year highs. Global supply chain disruption and a shortage of container ships also drove prices higher later in the year.

The weather in Brazil has continued to be erratic, heightening concerns about further crop damage.

The La Ni a weather pattern developed for the second consecutive year at the end of 2021, with the phenomenon expected to intensify rainfall as well as droughts around the world.

“When we know that La Nina will strike this year, we can already see the prices reacting in advance, even before the real phenomenon takes place,” said Mario Zappacosta, a senior economist at the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

That could have a “contagious effect,” where the price of substitute crops also rises, he added.

Meanwhile, an unprecedented heatwave and drought in Canada during the middle of 2021 hit production and sent pea prices rocketing. The price of peas more than doubled, affecting manufacturers of plant-based meat alternatives that rely on the ingredient.

The price of Belgian potatoes also surged after flooding devastated large swaths of Europe during the continent’s summer.

In their report, researchers at the Stockholm Environment Institute said climate change would “dramatically impact agricultural production all around the globe,” and would reduce crop yields in certain areas.

Global sugar cane yields could fall 59 per cent in the last three decades to 2100, compared to yields in the period 1980-2010, while Arabica coffee and maize could fall 45 per cent and 27 per cent, respectively, they estimated.

“This is a big gap in our planning for [climate] adaptation,” said Magnus Benzie, one of the report authors. Lower yields and higher prices could cause food insecurity in less resilient, import-dependent countries, and also drive up costs for consumers around the world, he said.

How countries reacted to extreme events and shortages — whether they stockpiled or imposed trade restrictions, for example — could exacerbate crises, he added.

Concurrent crises, such as successive or simultaneous droughts, were also likely to intensify shortages, and are expected to become more common as the world warms up, said Benzie.

“植物基肉制品”粉丝免费福利

1、全球人造肉市场数据 &中国内地主流人造肉厂商信息数据库 & 中国内地人造肉相关上市公司数据库 & 中国内地植物肉产品数据库(以上4个数据库建议通过电脑浏览器查阅,效果更佳)& 中国人造肉上游供应商信息数据库(上游供应商讯息通过自行申请提交的形式完善

https://www.yuque.com/zhiwujirouzhipin/rwml5k

2、人造肉各类视频汇总(点击下方网址关注或者B站直接搜索“植物基肉制品”

https://space.bilibili.com/311731349

3、行业研究报告(无需登陆直接下载

https://www.123pan.com/s/ncyA-eD88H

4、百度人造肉搜索趋势需登陆百度账号

https://index.baidu.com/v2/main/index.html#/trend/人造肉?words=人造肉,植物肉